The Canale Emiliano Romagnolo (CER) is one of Italy’s most important water systems. It carries surface water mainly, but not only, for irrigation uses, serving a territory characterised by the presence of agricultural crops requiring a large amount of water concerned by an intensive, water demanding agriculture and a large number of civil and industrial settlements.
The CER act in a double way: as a main water stakeholder, supplying up to 300.000.000 m3/y to high value irrigated crops, also charged by the Local Government of the irrigation ext. service; as a research team with more than 50 year of experience in irrigation technologies, plant water relationship, irrigation strategies and modelling, water quality for irrigation and water treatment and reuse. As research institute CER has been carrying out researches on the rational use of water resources since 1959. CER has become involved in various projects financed by the EU since 1990.
The main fields of research that have been developed over the years are the following: crop response to irrigation and Water Use Efficiency; Irrigation scheduling; development of irrigation strategies with minimised environmental impact; establishment of the parameters of plant growth, yield and produce quality development; development of Irrigation and Fertigation Decision Support Systems; irrigation technologies, design and test of irrigation systems; extension services support; reuse of treated waste water. These activities have brought about the identification and validation of the crucial parameters required to calculate the water requirements of the main local crops and the development of applicative models implementing sustainable irrigation/fertigation criteria (Emilia Romagna Integrated Crop Management DSS, Fertirrigere, Tecnirri and IRRIFRAME) which are used in Italy.Official website