The Italian DA, coordinated by the Consorzio di Bonifica di Romagna, CBR (reference person: Mr. Alessandro Fabbri), configures itself as end user; being already familiar with the information provided by Arpae ER, it will be the first to test the MOSES platform products/services. The activity of CBR will be supported by the CER which is at the same time a water provider, an end user and a research institute with more than 50 years of experience in field research on irrigation and water management and modelling.
The Italian DA, managed by CBR, is the pilot DA for MOSES platform implementation during the Project “First Application”. CBR water is delivered either through pressurized irrigation systems or through channels - in the latter case MOSES can contribute to improve water use efficiency as the delivered water estimate is not straightforward. The potentially served area, in perspective, will include not only all CBR currently served areas but also areas which are going to be managed by voluntary irrigation consortia (*) in which water delivery could be regulated by shifts, time/volume limitations, storage contingency, etc..
CBR estimates irrigation water needs at district level on the basis of dryness scenarios obtained taking into account several factors, namely, drought indicators, general hydro-meteorological conditions, overall crop yield losses estimates, irrigation system characteristics, including number of users, as well as technical issues (e.g. black-out risk);
five scenarios have been defined, ranging from ordinary to severe dry conditions. The areas selected for MOSES testing are San Vittore – San Carlo district area, served by CBR pressurized systems equipped with water counters; […] Normally irrigation water is delivered on-demand; irrigation water requests at farm level are collected at district level by CBR personnel; then they are assessed, at CBR management level, through comparisons to irrigation needs estimated through existing services (e.g. Irriframe (**)); during the most critical periods of the irrigation season (May-June) actual crop irrigation water needs are derived on a monthly and 10-day basis, based on crop-specific information (areal coverage, phenology status) by cross-checking data from several sources: AGREA, iColt-Arpae, field inspections and survey carried out by CBR personnel; under scenarios of severe dryness and/or water shortage economical crop-specific losses are taken into account for intervention prioritization.Technical file DA features
(*) Voluntary irrigation consortia have been established to access funds through the Regional Plan for Rural Development (2007-2014) in view to switch from ground water to surface water exploitation through pressurized systems equipped with counters.
(**) Use of Irriframe is manifold - either at CBR or at farmer level, namely:
- to crosscheck water irrigation needs at farm level (by part of CBR) [anyway normally registered farms are considered “virtuous” and their water requests are not questioned];
- as a reference in case of drought conditions, in order to obtain irrigation advises for relevant cultivations, based on a network of “virtual” users created by CBR in “sensitive” areas;
- for day-to-day irrigation re-scheduling (at farmer level), as water delivery is scheduled in a flexible way, based on updated information about actual water availability at the source level and taking into account measures to counteract dry/water shortage conditions at consortium level.